White Spruce, an evergreen conifer, is not native to the Midwest, but is found throughout Indiana and much of the United States and Canada as a planted ornamental, primarily in two forms. The regular tree form has blue-green needles and serves as a slower-growing alternative to the blue-needled Colorado Spruce or the dark green-needled Norway Spruce, functioning either as a solitary specimen or as a group windbreak.
Mature Height: 60′
Mature Spread: 20′
Sunlight: Full sun
Soil Preference: White Spruce prefers moist, acidic soils that may be organic, sandy, or loamy; the soils may be well-drained or moderately drained, but not wet. It is also adaptable to a variety of less favorable conditions, including poor, clay, rocky, dry soils of acidic, neutral, or alkaline pH. It survives under seasonal drought once it is established, and takes fairly well to city pollution.
Nurseryman’s Notes: White Spruce gradually reaches 60 feet in height by 20 feet in spread with a slow growth rate, and adapts to a variety of harsh soil and sparse moisture conditions. Its growth habit is upright pyramidal and it often remains branched and foliaged to the ground, unless it is limbed-up into a more stately tree form. Its needles are noticeably shorter, as compared to Norway Spruce or Colorado Spruce.